Let’s talk common grace again.
Van Til makes the point that common grace is the only explanation for many of the paradoxes of Scripture. How is it that the Bible can say that all men inherently know God while also saying that they don’t know God?:
ALL MEN KNOW GOD BUT DON’T KNOW GOD
All men know God. Every fact of the universe has God’s stamp of ownership indelibly and with large letters engraved upon it…
Yet these same men to whom we must testify that they know God, must also be told that they do not know God… (p. 150)
How is it that Scripture can say all men have God’s law written on their conscious yet say that only believers truly have the law written on their hearts?
THE LAW IS WRITTEN ON ALL MEN’S HEARTS YET IS NOT WRITTEN ON ALL MEN’S HEARTS
The requirement of God comes clearly home to the consciousness of man. In this sense the law of God is written in his heart… (p. 152).
At the same time the Bible says to these men that they do not have the law of God written on their hearts. According to the promise of God to Jeremiah (Jer. 31:31) he will write his law upon the hearts of his people (p. 153).
The answers to these questions come in the form of the doctrine of common grace.
God’s creation of Adam was an act of common grace, not saving grace. The law was written on his heart in the ‘common’ manner, not in the saving manner. The law is written on (unregenerate) man’s heart via his conscious and knowledge that there is a Creator. The law is written on the (regenerate) believer’s heart via his relationship with the Holy Spirit, who causes him to love the law of God in the inner man. He is not only aware of the law, he loves the law.
Adam knew God, but didn’t know God. He knew him as his creator but didn’t know the grace of regeneration. So it is with all men before God clothes them with the garment of the sacrifice.
All quotations from Cornelius Van Til, Common Grace and the Gospel